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7 nm lithography process

The 7 nanometer (7 nm) lithography process is a full node semiconductor manufacturing process following the 10 nm process node. The term "7 nm" is simply a commercial name for a generation of a certain size and its technology, as opposed to gate length or half pitch. Commercial mass production of integrated circuit using 7 nm process is set to begin sometimes in 2019 or 2020. This technology will be replaced by 5 nm process around 2022.


In ISSCC 2017, the memory group at TSMC detailed their test 128 MiB SRAM chip which featured a 42.64 mm² die. The chip is manufactured on TSMC's 7nm HK-MG FinFET process using 4P4E LELELELE patterning technique. The over die is 0.34x smaller than their 16 nm process version. At the same conference, Samsung detailed limited use for EUV in their 7nm node, though not much more is known. On February 8 2017 Intel announced a $7B investment in Arizona's Fab 42 which will eventually produce chips on a 7 nm process.

Symbol version future.svg Preliminary Data! Information presented in this article deal with future products, data, features, and specifications that have yet to be finalized, announced, or released. Information may be incomplete and can change by final release.

Process Name
1st Production
Lithography Lithography
Wafer Type
Transistor Type
Fin Pitch
Gate Length (Lg)
Contacted Gate Pitch (CPP)
Minimum Metal Pitch (MMP)
SRAM bitcell High-Perf (HP)
High-Density (HD)
Low-Voltage (LV)
DRAM bitcell eDRAM
Intel TSMC Common Platform
P1276 (CPU), P1277 (SoC)    
193 nm 193 nm EUV
Yes Yes  
Bulk Bulk Bulk
300 nm 300 nm 300 nm
FinFET FinFET FinFet
Value 10 nm Δ Value 10 nm Δ Value 10 nm Δ
    54 0.84x 48 nm 0.75x
    38 0.90x 36 nm 0.75x
    0.027 µm² 0.64x    


TSMC demonstrated their 256 Mebibit SRAM wafer from their 7nm HKMG FinFET process. Their chip makes use of 34% of the area of their 16 nm process demo chip counterpart.

7 nm Microprocessors[edit]

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7 nm Microarchitectures[edit]

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  • Chang, Jonathan, et al. "12.1 A 7nm 256Mb SRAM in high-k metal-gate FinFET technology with write-assist circuitry for low-V MIN applications." Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC), 2017 IEEE International. IEEE, 2017.
  • Standaert, T., et al. "BEOL process integration for the 7 nm technology node." Interconnect Technology Conference/Advanced Metallization Conference (IITC/AMC), 2016 IEEE International. IEEE, 2016.
  • Samsung/GlobalFoundries, IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM) 2016