An integrated circuit (IC) is a semiconductor which contains multiple electronic components interconnected to form a complete electronic function. Integrated circuits are the most essential part of all electronic products.
Modern integrated circuits contain as much as billions of circuit components such as transistors, diodes, resistors, and capacitors onto a single monolithic die. Those components are interconnected to form a meaningful and complete electronic function. The semiconductor material used is usually silicon, but other alternatives such as gallium arsenide also exist.
Integrated circuits accounts, as of 2016, for 82% of the entire semiconductor industry's revenue. Digital integrated circuits accounts for 86% of that revenue.
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