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K7 - Microarchitectures - AMD
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K7 µarch
General Info
Arch TypeCPU
DesignerAMD
ManufacturerAMD
IntroductionJune 23, 1999
Process250 nm, 180 nm, 130 nm
Core Configs1
Pipeline
TypeSuperscalar
OoOEYes
SpeculativeNo
Reg RenamingYes
Stages10-15
Instructions
ISAx86-32
ExtensionsMMX, Extended MMX, 3DNow!, Extended 3DNow!, SSE
Cache
L1I Cache64 KiB
2-way set associative
L1D Cache64 KiB
2-way set associative
L2 Cache256 or 512 KiB
16-way set associative
Cores
Core NamesSpitfire,
Morgan,
Camaro,
Appaloosa‎‎,
Applebred,
Palomino,
Thoroughbred,
Barton
Succession

K7 was the microarchitecture for AMD's Athlon and Duron families of microprocessors as a successor to the K6-III. K7 was superseded by K8 in 2003.

Codenames[edit]

Core Family Description
Spitfire Duron 1st generation Duron
Morgan Duron 2nd generation Duron, introduced SSE & Hardware data prefetcher
Camaro Duron Former corename for 2nd generation (Morgan) mobile processors
Appaloosa‎‎ Duron Scheduled to be 3rd generation, scrapped for unknown reasons
Applebred Duron 3rd generation Duron, produced on a newer 130 nm process
Palomino Athlon MP
Athlon XP
1st generation Athlon XP/MP performance processors
Thoroughbred Athlon MP
Athlon XP
2nd generation Athlon XP/MP performance processors
Barton Athlon MP
Athlon XP
3rd generation Athlon XP/MP performance processors

Process Technology[edit]

K7 was originally manufactured on AMD's 180 nm process. By late 2002, AMD transitioned to a 130 nm process.

Architecture[edit]

K7 was a relatively new design by AMD which marked a departure from the aging Socket 7 and Super Socket 7. The new architecture introduced a number of major changes including a new propietary unified Socket A.

Key changes from K6 / K6-III[edit]

  • System Bus
    • K7 utilizes the Digital Alpha EV6 system bus interface
      • AMD licensed the technology from Digital allowing them to independently develop their own chipsets and motherboards without paying licensing fees to Intel for their Slot 1 GTL+ bus. This does consequently meant incompatibility AMD's motherboards and Intel's motherboards.
      • The EV6 utilizes double data rate (DDR) doubling the effective data transfer rate of the bus speed.
      • 100 MHz bus = 200 MT/s
      • 133 MHz bus = 266 MT/s

Memory Hierarchy[edit]

AMD used a split L1$ and a unified L2$. While originally K7 had an L2$ controller on-die with the actual cache off-chip, AMD moved the L2$ on-die the following year.

  • Cache
    • L1 Cache:
      • 64 KiB 2-way set associative instruction, 64 B line size
      • 64 KiB 2-way set associative instruction, 64 B line size
    • L2 Cache:
      • 64 KiB 16-way set associative, 64 B line size
      • Unified
      • 7 cycles latency
      • 64-bit data bus
      • exclusive
      • Note original Athlon models did not feature an on-die L2$, instead cache was implemented off-chip with a built-in controller supporting up to 8 MiB OF SDR/DDR SRAMs. Full tag was used for 512 or less KiB memory and partial tag for larger caches.
  • TLB
    • ITLB
      • 24-entry, dual-port
    • DTLB
      • 32-entry, dual-port
    • STLB
      • 256-entry

Both AMD's and Intel's original models did not feature on-die L2$. When compared to Intel's original Pentium III L1 which was 32 KiB (albeit at higher associativity), K7 had superior performance due to having 4 times as much cache. By the following year AMD moved the cach on-die. With the introduction of the Coppermine models, Intel moved the L2$ on-die as well with half of K7's latency. This change allowed Pentium models to outperform Athlon for certain workloads.

Die Shot[edit]

Duron DHD1200AMT1B[edit]

AMD Duron DHD1200AMT1B Morgan-based core:

AMD DHD1200AMT1B die shot 2.jpg

Athlon K7500MTR51B C[edit]

AMD Athlon K7500MTR51B C Argon-based core:

AMD Athlon K7500MTR51B C die shot.jpg

All K7 Chips[edit]

K7 Chips
ModelFamilyCoreLaunchedTDPVCOREFreqMax Mem
ZZZZZUniprocessors
Athlon XP-M 1000Athlon XP-MThoroughbred16 W
16,000 mW
0.0215 hp
0.016 kW
1.2 V
12 dV
120 cV
1,200 mV
1,000 MHz
1 GHz
1,000,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1200+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred16 W
16,000 mW
0.0215 hp
0.016 kW
1.2 V
12 dV
120 cV
1,200 mV
1,000 MHz
1 GHz
1,000,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1300+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred16 W
16,000 mW
0.0215 hp
0.016 kW
1.1 V
11 dV
110 cV
1,100 mV
1,100 MHz
1.1 GHz
1,100,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1300+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred16 W
16,000 mW
0.0215 hp
0.016 kW
1.15 V
11.5 dV
115 cV
1,150 mV
1,100 MHz
1.1 GHz
1,100,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1400+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200316 W
16,000 mW
0.0215 hp
0.016 kW
1.1 V
11 dV
110 cV
1,100 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1400+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200316 W
16,000 mW
0.0215 hp
0.016 kW
1.1 V
11 dV
110 cV
1,100 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1400+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.3 V
13 dV
130 cV
1,300 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1400+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.3 V
13 dV
130 cV
1,300 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1400+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1400+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1500+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.3 V
13 dV
130 cV
1,300 mV
1,333 MHz
1.333 GHz
1,333,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1500+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.3 V
13 dV
130 cV
1,300 mV
1,333 MHz
1.333 GHz
1,333,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1500+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,333 MHz
1.333 GHz
1,333,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1500+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,333 MHz
1.333 GHz
1,333,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1500+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200316 W
16,000 mW
0.0215 hp
0.016 kW
1.1 V
11 dV
110 cV
1,100 mV
1,333 MHz
1.333 GHz
1,333,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1600+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,400 MHz
1.4 GHz
1,400,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1600+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.3 V
13 dV
130 cV
1,300 mV
1,400 MHz
1.4 GHz
1,400,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1600+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.3 V
13 dV
130 cV
1,300 mV
1,400 MHz
1.4 GHz
1,400,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1600+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,400 MHz
1.4 GHz
1,400,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1700+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,467 MHz
1.467 GHz
1,467,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1800+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200325 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,533 MHz
1.533 GHz
1,533,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1800+Athlon XP-MBarton25 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,400 MHz
1.4 GHz
1,400,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1800+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred12 March 200335 W
35,000 mW
0.0469 hp
0.035 kW
1.35 V
13.5 dV
135 cV
1,350 mV
1,533 MHz
1.533 GHz
1,533,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1800+Athlon XP-MBarton35 W
35,000 mW
0.0469 hp
0.035 kW
1.35 V
13.5 dV
135 cV
1,350 mV
1,400 MHz
1.4 GHz
1,400,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1900+Athlon XP-MBarton25 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,467 MHz
1.467 GHz
1,467,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 1900+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred17 June 200335 W
35,000 mW
0.0469 hp
0.035 kW
1.35 V
13.5 dV
135 cV
1,350 mV
1,600 MHz
1.6 GHz
1,600,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2000+Athlon XP-MBarton25 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,533 MHz
1.533 GHz
1,533,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2000+Athlon XP-MThoroughbred17 June 200335 W
35,000 mW
0.0469 hp
0.035 kW
1.35 V
13.5 dV
135 cV
1,350 mV
1,667 MHz
1.667 GHz
1,667,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2000+Athlon XP-MBarton35 W
35,000 mW
0.0469 hp
0.035 kW
1.35 V
13.5 dV
135 cV
1,350 mV
1,533 MHz
1.533 GHz
1,533,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2100+Athlon XP-MBarton17 March 200425 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,600 MHz
1.6 GHz
1,600,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2100+Athlon XP-MBarton17 March 200425 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.25 V
12.5 dV
125 cV
1,250 mV
1,600 MHz
1.6 GHz
1,600,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2200+Athlon XP-MBarton19 July 200427 W
27,000 mW
0.0362 hp
0.027 kW
1.3 V
13 dV
130 cV
1,300 mV
1,667 MHz
1.667 GHz
1,667,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2200+Athlon XP-MBarton19 July 200435 W
35,000 mW
0.0469 hp
0.035 kW
1.35 V
13.5 dV
135 cV
1,350 mV
1,667 MHz
1.667 GHz
1,667,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2200+Athlon XP-MBarton19 July 200425 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.3 V
13 dV
130 cV
1,300 mV
1,667 MHz
1.667 GHz
1,667,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2400+Athlon XP-MBarton35 W
35,000 mW
0.0469 hp
0.035 kW
1.35 V
13.5 dV
135 cV
1,350 mV
1,800 MHz
1.8 GHz
1,800,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 2600+Athlon XP-MBarton35 W
35,000 mW
0.0469 hp
0.035 kW
1.35 V
13.5 dV
135 cV
1,350 mV
1,833 MHz
1.833 GHz
1,833,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon XP-M 950Athlon XP-MThoroughbred16 W
16,000 mW
0.0215 hp
0.016 kW
1.2 V
12 dV
120 cV
1,200 mV
950 MHz
0.95 GHz
950,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1000DuronMorgan17 December 200125 W
25,000 mW
0.0335 hp
0.025 kW
1.4 V
14 dV
140 cV
1,400 mV
1,000 MHz
1 GHz
1,000,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1000DuronMorgan20 August 200146.1 W
46,100 mW
0.0618 hp
0.0461 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,000 MHz
1 GHz
1,000,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1100DuronMorgan30 January 20021.55 V
15.5 dV
155 cV
1,550 mV
1,100 MHz
1.1 GHz
1,100,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1100DuronMorgan1 October 200150.3 W
50,300 mW
0.0675 hp
0.0503 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,100 MHz
1.1 GHz
1,100,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1200DuronMorgan30 January 20021.45 V
14.5 dV
145 cV
1,450 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1200DuronMorgan15 November 200154.7 W
54,700 mW
0.0734 hp
0.0547 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1300DuronMorgan30 January 20021.5 V
15 dV
150 cV
1,500 mV
1,300 MHz
1.3 GHz
1,300,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1300DuronMorgan21 January 200260 W
60,000 mW
0.0805 hp
0.06 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,300 MHz
1.3 GHz
1,300,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1400DuronApplebred15 August 200357 W
57,000 mW
0.0764 hp
0.057 kW
1.5 V
15 dV
150 cV
1,500 mV
1,400 MHz
1.4 GHz
1,400,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1600DuronApplebred15 August 200357 W
57,000 mW
0.0764 hp
0.057 kW
1.5 V
15 dV
150 cV
1,500 mV
1,600 MHz
1.6 GHz
1,600,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 1800DuronApplebred15 August 200357 W
57,000 mW
0.0764 hp
0.057 kW
1.5 V
15 dV
150 cV
1,500 mV
1,800 MHz
1.8 GHz
1,800,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 550DuronSpitfire19 June 200025.4 W
25,400 mW
0.0341 hp
0.0254 kW
1.6 V
16 dV
160 cV
1,600 mV
550 MHz
0.55 GHz
550,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Duron 600DuronSpitfire19 June 200022.7 W
22,700 mW
0.0304 hp
0.0227 kW
1.5 V
15 dV
150 cV
1,500 mV
600 MHz
0.6 GHz
600,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
ZZZZZUniprocessors
Athlon MP 1000Athlon MPPalomino5 June 200146.1 W
46,100 mW
0.0618 hp
0.0461 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,000 MHz
1 GHz
1,000,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 1200Athlon MPPalomino5 June 20011.55 V
15.5 dV
155 cV
1,550 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 1200Athlon MPPalomino5 June 200154.7 W
54,700 mW
0.0734 hp
0.0547 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 1200Athlon MPPalomino5 June 20011.8 V
18 dV
180 cV
1,800 mV
1,200 MHz
1.2 GHz
1,200,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 1500+Athlon MPPalomino15 October 200160 W
60,000 mW
0.0805 hp
0.06 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,333 MHz
1.333 GHz
1,333,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 1600+Athlon MPPalomino15 October 200162.8 W
62,800 mW
0.0842 hp
0.0628 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,400 MHz
1.4 GHz
1,400,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 1800+Athlon MPPalomino15 October 200166 W
66,000 mW
0.0885 hp
0.066 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,533 MHz
1.533 GHz
1,533,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 1900+Athlon MPPalomino12 December 200166 W
66,000 mW
0.0885 hp
0.066 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,600 MHz
1.6 GHz
1,600,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2000+Athlon MPPalomino13 March 200266 W
66,000 mW
0.0885 hp
0.066 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,667 MHz
1.667 GHz
1,667,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2000+Athlon MPThoroughbred27 August 200258.2 W
58,200 mW
0.078 hp
0.0582 kW
1.6 V
16 dV
160 cV
1,600 mV
1,667 MHz
1.667 GHz
1,667,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2000+Athlon MPThoroughbred27 August 20021.65 V
16.5 dV
165 cV
1,650 mV
1,667 MHz
1.667 GHz
1,667,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2100+Athlon MPPalomino19 June 200266 W
66,000 mW
0.0885 hp
0.066 kW
1.75 V
17.5 dV
175 cV
1,750 mV
1,733 MHz
1.733 GHz
1,733,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2200+Athlon MPThoroughbred27 August 200260 W
60,000 mW
0.0805 hp
0.06 kW
1.65 V
16.5 dV
165 cV
1,650 mV
1,800 MHz
1.8 GHz
1,800,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2400+Athlon MPThoroughbred10 December 20021.6 V
16 dV
160 cV
1,600 mV
2,000 MHz
2 GHz
2,000,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2400+Athlon MPThoroughbred10 December 200260 W
60,000 mW
0.0805 hp
0.06 kW
1.65 V
16.5 dV
165 cV
1,650 mV
2,000 MHz
2 GHz
2,000,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2600+Athlon MPThoroughbred4 February 200360 W
60,000 mW
0.0805 hp
0.06 kW
1.65 V
16.5 dV
165 cV
1,650 mV
2,133 MHz
2.133 GHz
2,133,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2600+Athlon MPBarton6 May 200360 W
60,000 mW
0.0805 hp
0.06 kW
1.6 V
16 dV
160 cV
1,600 mV
2,000 MHz
2 GHz
2,000,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Athlon MP 2800+Athlon MPBarton6 May 200360 W
60,000 mW
0.0805 hp
0.06 kW
1.6 V
16 dV
160 cV
1,600 mV
2,133 MHz
2.133 GHz
2,133,000 kHz
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
4 GiB
0.00391 TiB
Count: 94

See also[edit]

codenameK7 +
core count1 +
designerAMD +
first launchedJune 23, 1999 +
full page nameamd/microarchitectures/k7 +
instance ofmicroarchitecture +
instruction set architecturex86-32 +
manufacturerAMD +
microarchitecture typeCPU +
nameK7 +
pipeline stages (max)15 +
pipeline stages (min)10 +
process250 nm (0.25 μm, 2.5e-4 mm) +, 180 nm (0.18 μm, 1.8e-4 mm) + and 130 nm (0.13 μm, 1.3e-4 mm) +