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Cortex-A53 - Microarchitectures - ARM Holdings
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Cortex-A53 µarch
General Info
Arch TypeCPU
DesignerARM Holdings
ManufacturerTSMC, Samsung, GlobalFoundries, SMIC
IntroductionOctober 30, 2012
Process28 nm, 20 nm, 16 nm, 14 nm, 10 nm
Core Configs1, 2, 3, 4
Pipeline
TypeIn-order
OoOENo
SpeculativeYes
Reg RenamingNo
Stages8
Decode2-way
Instructions
ISAARMv8
ExtensionsFPU, NEON, TrustZone
Cache
L1I Cache8-64 KiB/core
2-way set associative
L1D Cache8-64 KiB/core
4-way set associative
L2 Cache128 KiB - 2 MiB/cluster
16-way set associative
Succession

Cortex-A53 (formerly Apollo) is an ultra-high efficiency microarchitecture designed by ARM Holdings as a successor to the Cortex-A7. The Cortex-A53, which implemented the ARMv8 ISA, is typically found in entry-level smartphone and other embedded devices. Often A53 cores are combined with higher performance processors (e.g. based on Cortex-A57 or Cortex-A72) in big.LITTLE configuration to achieve better energy/performance.

Note that this microarchitecture is designed as a synthesizable IP core and is sold to other semiconductor companies to be implemented in their own chips.

Process Technology[edit]

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Compiler support[edit]

Compiler Arch-Specific Arch-Favorable Arch-Target
GCC -march=armv8-a -mtune=cortex-a53 -mcpu=cortex-a53
LLVM -march=armv8-a -mtune=cortex-a53 -mcpu=cortex-a53

Note that for big.LITTLE system it's possible specify more specific performance tunes:

  • -mtune=cortex-a57.cortex-a53
  • -mtune=cortex-a72.cortex-a53
  • -mtune=cortex-a73.cortex-a53

Architecture[edit]

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Die[edit]

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All Cortex-A53 Chips[edit]

 List of all Cortex-A53 Chips
 Main processorIGP
ModelLaunchedDesignerFamilyProcessCoreCTL2$L3$FrequencyMax MemDesignerNameFrequency
Helio X1027 March 2015MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio28 nm
0.028 μm
2.8e-5 mm
Cortex-A53882 MiB
2,048 KiB
2,097,152 B
0.00195 GiB
2 GHz
2,000 MHz
2,000,000 kHz
4 GiB
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
0.00391 TiB
Imagination TechnologiesPowerVR G6200
Helio X10 M27 March 2015MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio28 nm
0.028 μm
2.8e-5 mm
Cortex-A53882 MiB
2,048 KiB
2,097,152 B
0.00195 GiB
2 GHz
2,000 MHz
2,000,000 kHz
4 GiB
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
0.00391 TiB
Imagination TechnologiesPowerVR G6200
Helio X10 T27 March 2015MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio28 nm
0.028 μm
2.8e-5 mm
Cortex-A53882 MiB
2,048 KiB
2,097,152 B
0.00195 GiB
2.2 GHz
2,200 MHz
2,200,000 kHz
4 GiB
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
0.00391 TiB
Imagination TechnologiesPowerVR G6200
Helio X2016 March 2016MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio20 nm
0.02 μm
2.0e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A7210101.85 GHz
1,850 MHz
1,850,000 kHz
, 1.4 GHz
1,400 MHz
1,400,000 kHz
, 2.1 GHz
2,100 MHz
2,100,000 kHz
ARM HoldingsMali-T880
Helio X20 M16 March 2016MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio20 nm
0.02 μm
2.0e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A7210102 GHz
2,000 MHz
2,000,000 kHz
, 1.85 GHz
1,850 MHz
1,850,000 kHz
, 1.4 GHz
1,400 MHz
1,400,000 kHz
6 GiB
6,144 MiB
6,291,456 KiB
6,442,450,944 B
0.00586 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-T880
Helio X232 December 2016MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio20 nm
0.02 μm
2.0e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A7210102.3 GHz
2,300 MHz
2,300,000 kHz
, 1.85 GHz
1,850 MHz
1,850,000 kHz
, 1.4 GHz
1,400 MHz
1,400,000 kHz
4 GiB
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
0.00391 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-T880
Helio X2516 March 2016ARM Holdings, MediaTekHelio20 nm
0.02 μm
2.0e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A7210102.5 GHz
2,500 MHz
2,500,000 kHz
, 2 GHz
2,000 MHz
2,000,000 kHz
, 1.55 GHz
1,550 MHz
1,550,000 kHz
6 GiB
6,144 MiB
6,291,456 KiB
6,442,450,944 B
0.00586 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-T880
Helio X272 December 2016MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio20 nm
0.02 μm
2.0e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A7210102.6 GHz
2,600 MHz
2,600,000 kHz
, 2 GHz
2,000 MHz
2,000,000 kHz
, 1.6 GHz
1,600 MHz
1,600,000 kHz
ARM HoldingsMali-T880
Helio X3027 February 2017MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio10 nm
0.01 μm
1.0e-5 mm
Cortex-A35, Cortex-A53, Cortex-A7310102.5 GHz
2,500 MHz
2,500,000 kHz
, 2.2 GHz
2,200 MHz
2,200,000 kHz
, 1.9 GHz
1,900 MHz
1,900,000 kHz
8 GiB
8,192 MiB
8,388,608 KiB
8,589,934,592 B
0.00781 TiB
Imagination TechnologiesPowerVR GT7400 Plus
P10January 2016MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio28 nm
0.028 μm
2.8e-5 mm
Cortex-A53882 MiB
2,048 KiB
2,097,152 B
0.00195 GiB
2 GHz
2,000 MHz
2,000,000 kHz
, 1.2 GHz
1,200 MHz
1,200,000 kHz
4 GiB
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
0.00391 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-T860
P10 MJanuary 2016MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio28 nm
0.028 μm
2.8e-5 mm
Cortex-A53882 MiB
2,048 KiB
2,097,152 B
0.00195 GiB
1.8 GHz
1,800 MHz
1,800,000 kHz
, 1.2 GHz
1,200 MHz
1,200,000 kHz
4 GiB
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
0.00391 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-T860
P152017MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio28 nm
0.028 μm
2.8e-5 mm
Cortex-A53882 MiB
2,048 KiB
2,097,152 B
0.00195 GiB
2.2 GHz
2,200 MHz
2,200,000 kHz
, 1.2 GHz
1,200 MHz
1,200,000 kHz
4 GiB
4,096 MiB
4,194,304 KiB
4,294,967,296 B
0.00391 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-T860
P20November 2016MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio16 nm
0.016 μm
1.6e-5 mm
Cortex-A53882 MiB
2,048 KiB
2,097,152 B
0.00195 GiB
2.3 GHz
2,300 MHz
2,300,000 kHz
6 GiB
6,144 MiB
6,291,456 KiB
6,442,450,944 B
0.00586 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-T880
P23MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio16 nm
0.016 μm
1.6e-5 mm
Cortex-A53881.65 GHz
1,650 MHz
1,650,000 kHz
, 2.3 GHz
2,300 MHz
2,300,000 kHz
6 GiB
6,144 MiB
6,291,456 KiB
6,442,450,944 B
0.00586 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-G71
P258 February 2017MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio16 nm
0.016 μm
1.6e-5 mm
Cortex-A53882 MiB
2,048 KiB
2,097,152 B
0.00195 GiB
2.5 GHz
2,500 MHz
2,500,000 kHz
6 GiB
6,144 MiB
6,291,456 KiB
6,442,450,944 B
0.00586 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-T880
P30MediaTek, ARM HoldingsHelio16 nm
0.016 μm
1.6e-5 mm
Cortex-A53881.65 GHz
1,650 MHz
1,650,000 kHz
, 2.3 GHz
2,300 MHz
2,300,000 kHz
6 GiB
6,144 MiB
6,291,456 KiB
6,442,450,944 B
0.00586 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-G71
9701 September 2017HiSilicon, ARM HoldingsKirin10 nm
0.01 μm
1.0e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A73881.8 GHz
1,800 MHz
1,800,000 kHz
, 2.36 GHz
2,360 MHz
2,360,000 kHz
6 GiB
6,144 MiB
6,291,456 KiB
6,442,450,944 B
0.00586 TiB
ARM HoldingsMali-G72
H3March 2018Renesas, ARM HoldingsR-Car16 nm
0.016 μm
1.6e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A57, Cortex-R7992.5 MiB
2,560 KiB
2,621,440 B
0.00244 GiB
Imagination TechnologiesPowerVR GX6650
H3 (SiP)March 2018Renesas, ARM HoldingsR-Car16 nm
0.016 μm
1.6e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A57, Cortex-R7992.5 MiB
2,560 KiB
2,621,440 B
0.00244 GiB
Imagination TechnologiesPowerVR GX6650
M3October 2016Renesas, ARM HoldingsR-Car16 nm
0.016 μm
1.6e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A57, Cortex-R7771.5 MiB
1,536 KiB
1,572,864 B
0.00146 GiB
Imagination TechnologiesPowerVR GX6250
M3 (SiP)October 2016ARM Holdings, RenesasR-Car16 nm
0.016 μm
1.6e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A57, Cortex-R7771.5 MiB
1,536 KiB
1,572,864 B
0.00146 GiB
Imagination TechnologiesPowerVR GX6250
S1Xiaomi, ARM HoldingsSurge28 nm
0.028 μm
2.8e-5 mm
Cortex-A53881.4 GHz
1,400 MHz
1,400,000 kHz
, 2.2 GHz
2,200 MHz
2,200,000 kHz
ARM HoldingsMali-T860
S2Xiaomi, ARM HoldingsSurge10 nm
0.01 μm
1.0e-5 mm
Cortex-A53, Cortex-A7388ARM HoldingsMali-G71
Count: 24
codenameCortex-A53 +
core count1 +, 2 +, 3 + and 4 +
designerARM Holdings +
first launchedOctober 30, 2012 +
full page namearm holdings/microarchitectures/cortex-a53 +
instance ofmicroarchitecture +
instruction set architectureARMv8 +
manufacturerTSMC +, Samsung +, GlobalFoundries + and SMIC +
microarchitecture typeCPU +
nameCortex-A53 +
pipeline stages8 +
process28 nm (0.028 μm, 2.8e-5 mm) +, 20 nm (0.02 μm, 2.0e-5 mm) +, 16 nm (0.016 μm, 1.6e-5 mm) +, 14 nm (0.014 μm, 1.4e-5 mm) + and 10 nm (0.01 μm, 1.0e-5 mm) +