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$mid Identifier - mIRC
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$mid is a string manipulation identifier used to return a sub-string portion of a string.

Synopsis[edit]

  • $mid(<text> ,S [, N ] )

Parameters[edit]

  • text String from which to return a portion
  • S Position within Text. If S is negative, position is relative to the end of Text instead of the beginning. Using Zero behaves same as position 1.
  • N Optional Length. If Length parameter not used, returns entire remainder of the string. If N is zero, returns the numeric length of the string. If N is negative, returns the string beginning at position S except for the LAST $Abs(N) characters.

Properties[edit]

None

Examples[edit]

//echo -a $mid(abcdefghij,2,3)
returns 3 characters beginning at position 2
//echo -a $mid(abcdefghij,2)
//echo -a $mid(abcdefghij,2,9999)
both return ALL characters beginning at position 2. Omitting N avoids the need to use N as a too-large number like 9999
//echo -a $mid(abcdefghij,-6,2)
returns 2 characters beginning at position 6th from the end. Is equivalent to:
//echo -a $left($right(abcdefghij,6) ,2)
//echo -a $mid(abcdefghij,-6)
returns ALL characters beginning at position 6th from the end.
//echo -a $mid(abcdefghij,3,-2)
returns ALL characters beginning at position 3 EXCEPT for the last 2 characters.
//echo -a $mid(abcdefghij,3,0)
returns the length of the string beginning at position 3.

Compatibility[edit]

Added: mIRC v4.5
Added on: 06/30/1996
Note: Unless otherwise stated, this was the date of original functionality.
Further enhancements may have been made in later versions.


See also[edit]