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/hinc Command - mIRC
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The /hinc command increases the value of a hashtable item by [num]. If the optional number value is not specified, the default increment value is 1. It uses the same syntax as /hadd except -b's &binvar is the [num] parameter not the destination.

Synopsis[edit]

/hinc [-m[N]szuN] <table> <item> [num]
/hinc -b[m[N]szuN] ‹table> <item> <&bvar>

Switches[edit]

  • -m[N] - Creates the hash table if it does not exist, optionally setting the number of buckets to N. (Valid N 1-10000)
  • -s - Displays the assignment information
  • -b - uses the .text contents of a &binvar as the [num] parameter.
  • -z - After setting the data's value, decreases the value by 1 each second; unsets to prevent the data value being zero or negative
  • -uN - Removes the hashtable item/value after N seconds

Note: If hashtable item has a non-zero $hget(table,item).unset property due to using -uN or -z switches when created or modified by /hinc /hdec or /hadd, then /hsave will not save that item to disk without the /hsave -u switch. /hinc preserves any existing unset delay when -z and -uN switches are not used.

Parameters[edit]

  • <table> - The handle name of the table containing the 'item'
  • <item> - The item name associated with the data value
  • [num] - The optional value by which to increase the data value. If not present, increases by 1.0
  • <&bvar> - The binary variable containing the value by which to decrease the 'item'

Example[edit]

Example 1:

alias example {
  ;create the table
  hmake -s example
 
  ;add a few items
  hadd example item1 4
  hadd example item2 7
  hadd example item3 9
 
  ; print the items
  echo -a item1 = $hget(example, item1)
  echo -a item2 = $hget(example, item2)
  echo -a item3 = $hget(example, item3)
 
  ; increase the values
  hinc example item1 5
  hinc example item2 12
  hinc example item3 1
  
  echo -e -
 
  ; print the items
  echo -a item1 = $hget(example, item1)
  echo -a item2 = $hget(example, item2)
  echo -a item3 = $hget(example, item3)
 
  ;cleanup
  hfree -s example
}

A counter example:

alias countup {
  ;adds the item up with a value of 0 to the table count
  hadd -m count up 0
  echo -a $hget(count,up) $+ !
  :repeat
  ;checks if the value of down returns true
  if ($hget(count,up) < 9) {
    ;increases down by 1
    hinc count up
    ;echos the current count
    echo -a $hget(count,up) $+ !
    ;repeats
    goto repeat
  }
  ;if the previous if statement returns false it carries on with this.
  else echo -a 10, done!
  hfree -s count
}
//hfree -sw test | hinc -sm test foo 5 | echo -a item foo has value $hget(test,foo)
Result: 5
* If the item does not exist, /hinc behaves as if the item exists with a value of zero.
 
//hfree -sw test | var %a 0 | hadd -sm test foo 5 | hinc test foo %a       | echo -a item foo has value $hget(test,foo)
Result: 5
//hfree -sw test | var %a   | hadd -sm test foo 5 | hinc test foo %a       | echo -a item foo has value $hget(test,foo)
Result: 6
//hfree -sw test | var %a   | hadd -sm test foo 5 | hinc test foo $+(0,%a) | echo -a item foo has value $hget(test,foo)
Result: 5
* If variable used to increment the item is $null the increment is the default 1 not zero.
 
//hfree -sw test | hadd -sm50 test foo 9.123456789 | echo -a item foo has value $hget(test,foo) | hinc -s test foo 2 | echo -a item foo has value $hget(test,foo)
* While a hash table value can be created having more than 6 decimals, the result of /hinc is rounded to nearest 6 decimals, the same result as if $calc(old_value + increment_value). If the [num] parameter is incorrectly set to be non-numeric, the item is unset 1 second later because $calc(string - 1) is zero.
 
//hfree -sw test | hadd -sm50 test foo 30 | echo -a item foo has value $hget(test,foo) | .timer 5 1 hinc -z test foo 50 $(|) echo 4 -a item foo has value $!hget(test,foo) and will unset in $!hget(test,foo).unset secs
* After the old value has been incremented (handles existing $null value as if zero), -z begins with the new incremented value then decreases it once per second, but also gives the item the characteristic as if -u2147483647 were also used. (2^31-1)
 
//hfree -sw test | hadd -sm50 test foo 30 | echo -a item foo has value $hget(test,foo) | .timer 5 1 hinc -zu30 test foo 50 $(|) echo 4 -a item foo has value $!hget(test,foo) and will unset in $!hget(test,foo).unset secs
* Same as above, except -u30 modifies the future unset time to be 30 seconds instead of 2147483647.
 
* Note: Any data value created or modified using the -z or -uN switch has the characteristic of being unset in the future, and /hsave will not save that item/data pair to disk unless the /hsave -u switch is used.
 
//hfree -sw test | hinc -smzu10 test foo 30.4 | .timer 11 1 echo 4 -a value $!hget(test,foo) vs .unset $!hget(test,foo).unset
//hfree -sw test | hinc -smzu10 test foo 5.44 | .timer 11 1 echo 4 -a value $!hget(test,foo) vs .unset $!hget(test,foo).unset
* When item is created using both -z and -uN, the variable is unset to prevent the first of either .unset seconds reaching zero or the value decrements to be zero or negative.
 
//hadd -m table item 123 | bset &v1 1 51 51 13 51  | echo -a inc $hget(table,item) by $bvar(&v1,1-).text | hinc table item $bvar(&v1,1-).text | echo 3 -a equals $hget(table,item)
//hadd -m table item 123 | bset &v1 1 51 51 13 51  | echo -a inc $hget(table,item) by $bvar(&v1,1-).text | hinc -b table item &v1 | echo 3 -a equals $hget(table,item)
* Using -b with &binvar as the NUM parameter is the same as using $bvar(&binvar).text as the NUM parameter without using -b
* The 3rd 3 is ignored because /hinc strips non-numeric string from the ending, increasing the item value 123 by 33.

Compatibility[edit]

Added: mIRC v6.0
Added on: 03 Feb 2002
Note: Unless otherwise stated, this was the date of original functionality.
Further enhancements may have been made in later versions.

See also[edit]