From WikiChip
Difference between revisions of "intel/microarchitectures/alder lake"
< intel‎ | microarchitectures

 
(27 intermediate revisions by 11 users not shown)
Line 6: Line 6:
 
|manufacturer=Intel
 
|manufacturer=Intel
 
|introduction=2021
 
|introduction=2021
|process=10 nm
+
|process=intel 7 (10nm ESF)
|cores=8+8
+
|cores=8P+8E
|cores 2=6+8
+
|cores 2=6P+8E
|cores 3=6+0
+
|cores 3=6P+0E
 +
|cores 4=2P+8E
 +
|processing elements=32 EU igpu
 +
|processing elements 2=96 EU igpu
 +
|oooe=Yes
 +
|speculative=Yes
 +
|renaming=Yes
 
|isa=x86-64
 
|isa=x86-64
|core name=Golden Cove
+
|extension=MMX
|core name 2=Gracemont
+
|extension 2=AVX
 +
|extension 3=AVX2
 +
|extension 4=AVX-512 (needs BIOS support and no E core)
 +
|l1i=32 KB
 +
|l1i per=core
 +
|l1d=48 KB (P) / 64 KB (E)
 +
|l1d per=core
 +
|l1=80 KB (P) / 96 KB (E)
 +
|l1 per=core
 +
|l2=1.25 MB (P) / 2MB (4E)
 +
|l2 per=core
 +
|l3=up to 30 MB
 +
|core name=[[::intel/microarchitectures/golden_cove|Golden Cove]]
 +
|core name 2=[[::intel/microarchitectures/gracemont|Gracemont]]
 
|predecessor=Tiger Lake
 
|predecessor=Tiger Lake
 
|predecessor link=intel/microarchitectures/tiger lake
 
|predecessor link=intel/microarchitectures/tiger lake
 
|predecessor 2=Rocket Lake
 
|predecessor 2=Rocket Lake
 
|predecessor 2 link=intel/microarchitectures/rocket lake
 
|predecessor 2 link=intel/microarchitectures/rocket lake
 +
|predecessor 3=Lakefield
 +
|predecessor 3 link=intel/microarchitectures/lakefield
 
|successor=Raptor Lake
 
|successor=Raptor Lake
 
|successor link=intel/microarchitectures/raptor lake
 
|successor link=intel/microarchitectures/raptor lake
 +
|successor 2=Meteor Lake
 +
|successor 2 link=intel/microarchitectures/meteor lake
 
}}
 
}}
'''Alder Lake''' ('''ADL''') is [[Intel]]'s successor to {{\\|Tiger Lake}}, a [[10 nm]] [[microarchitecture]] for mainstream workstations, desktops, and mobile devices.
+
'''Alder Lake''' ('''ADL''') is [[Intel]]'s successor to both {{\\|Tiger Lake}} and {{\\|Rocket Lake}}, an [[Intel 7]]-process based [[microarchitecture]] for mainstream workstations, desktops, and mobile devices. Alder Lake is Intel's first [[10-nanometer]]-class proper successor to all prior generation of processors - spanning from ultra-low power to desktop and workstations. The microarchitecture was developed by Intel's R&D center in [[wikipedia:Haifa, Israel|Haifa, Israel]].
  
 +
For desktop and mobile, Alder Lake is branded as 12th Generation Intel {{intel|Core i3}}, {{intel|Core i5}}, {{intel|Core i7}}, and {{intel|Core i9}} processors.
 +
 +
== Codenames ==
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Core !! Abbrev !! Platform !! Target
 +
|-
 +
| {{intel|Alder Lake M|l=core}} || ADL-M || || Light notebooks, 2-in-1s detachable, tablets, conference room, computer sticks, etc.
 +
|-
 +
| {{intel|Alder Lake P|l=core}} || ADL-P || || Ultimate mobile performance, mobile workstations, portable All-in-Ones (AiOs), Minis
 +
|-
 +
| {{intel|Alder Lake S|l=core}} || ADL-S || || Desktop performance to value, AiOs, and minis
 +
|}
 +
 +
== Brands ==
 +
Intel released Alder Lake under 3 main brand families for mainstream workstations, desktops, and mobile.
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable tc4 tc5 tc6 tc7 tc8" style="text-align: center;"
 +
|-
 +
! rowspan="2" | Logo !! rowspan="2" | Family !! rowspan="2" | General Description !! colspan="7" | Differentiating Features
 +
|-
 +
! Cores !! {{intel|Hyper-Threading|HT}} !! {{x86|AVX}} !! {{x86|AVX2}} !! {{intel|Turbo Boost|TBT}} !! {{intel|Turbo Boost Max|TBMT}}
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:core i5 logo (2020).png|50px|link=intel/core_i5]] || {{intel|Core i5}} || style="text-align: left;" | Mid-range Performance || [[10 cores|10]] (6+4) || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|no}}
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:core i7 logo (2020).png|50px|link=intel/core_i7]] || {{intel|Core i7}} || style="text-align: left;" | High-end Performance || [[12 cores|12]] (8+4) || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}}
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:core i9 logo (2020).png|50px|link=intel/core_i9]] || {{intel|Core i9}} || style="text-align: left;" | Extreme Performance || [[16 cores|16]] (8+8) || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}} || {{tchk|yes}}
 +
|}
  
{{future information}}
 
 
== Process Technology==
 
== Process Technology==
Intel is planning Alder Lake to be built on an improved 10 nm Superfin node, or 10 nm++. This will be the case for both the powerful Golden Cove cores, and Gracemont cores.
+
Intel is planning Alder Lake to be built on an improved Intel 7 node (previously 10nm Enhanced SuperFin (ESF)). This will be the case for both the powerful Golden Cove cores, and Gracemont cores.
 +
 
 +
== Compiler support ==
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Compiler !! Arch-Specific || Arch-Favorable
 +
|-
 +
| [[ICC]] || <code>-march=alderlake</code> || <code>-mtune=alderlake</code>
 +
|-
 +
| [[GCC]] || <code>-march=alderlake</code> || <code>-mtune=alderlake</code>
 +
|-
 +
| [[LLVM]] || <code>-march=alderlake</code> || <code>-mtune=alderlake</code>
 +
|-
 +
| [[Visual Studio]] || <code>/arch:AVX2</code> || <code>/tune:alderlake</code>
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== CPUID ===
 +
{| class="wikitable tc1 tc2 tc3 tc4"
 +
! Core !! Extended<br>Family !! Family !! Extended<br>Model !! Model
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | {{intel|Alder Lake P|P|l=core}} || 0 || 0x6 || 0x9 || 0x7
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="4" | Family 6 Model 151
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | {{intel|Alder Lake S|S|l=core}} || 0 || 0x6 || 0x9 || 0xA
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="4" | Family 6 Model 154
 +
|}
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
Alder Lake was leaked already in 2019. In 2020 Alder Lake was seen for the first time in benchmarks. In January 2021 Intel teased Alder Lake in their CES 2021 speech. In February 2021, Alder Lake-P was spotted in Geekbench.
+
In January 2021 Intel teased Alder Lake in their CES 2021 speech. On the July 26th's Intel Accelerated webcast, CEO Pat Gelsinger hinted at the Alder Lake lineup being released at a future event called "Intel Innovation" which aired between October 27-28th.
  
 
== Architecture ==
 
== Architecture ==
 
  
 
=== Key changes from {{\\|Tiger Lake}}===
 
=== Key changes from {{\\|Tiger Lake}}===
 
* Core
 
* Core
** Hybrid Golden Cove(big core) & Gracemont(small core) microarchitecture
+
** Hybrid Golden Cove (big core) & Gracemont (small core) microarchitecture
** At least 20% IPC improvements
+
** Higher IPC(Intel self-reported 19% IPC)
** 10 nm Enhanced SuperFin(ESF) node
+
** Intel 7 node
 
* Memory
 
* Memory
 
** Support for DDR5
 
** Support for DDR5
 
** Speeds of at least 4800MHz, up to 5600MHz
 
** Speeds of at least 4800MHz, up to 5600MHz
 
* Improved power delivery system
 
* Improved power delivery system
 +
 +
== Overview ==
 +
Alder Lake departs from all prior Intel SoCs by featuring the company's first mainstream implementation of a single-ISA heterogeneous multi-core microarchitecture. While not the first ({{\\|Lakefield}} was), Alder Lake is the first to target all market segments from mobile to desktop and workstation. The overall microarchitecture builds on its its predecessor, {{\\|Tigerlake}} but expends on its by integrating two vastly different types of cores - up to eight [[big cores]] based on the {{\\|Golden Cove}} microarchitecture and up to eight [[small cores]] based on the {{\\|Gracemont}} microarchitecture. The big cores are designed to push single-thread performance while the small cores are designed to push multi-thread power efficiency. By finely orchestrating thread scheduling based on performance demand, Alder Lake is able to provide both higher multi-threading performance-efficiency and better single-thread performance.
 +
 +
=== SoC design ===
 +
{{empty section}}
 +
 +
== Die ==
 +
Alder Lake comes in four die variants depending on the market segment.
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
! colspan="4" | Die
 +
|-
 +
! Name !! Configuration !! Dimensions !! Area
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | ADL-S || 8P + 8E || 10.5 mm x 20.5 mm || 215.25 mm²
 +
|-
 +
| 6P + 0E || 10.5 mm x 15.5 mm || 162.75 mm²
 +
|-
 +
| ADL-P || 6P + 8E
 +
|-
 +
| ADL-M || 2P + 8E
 +
|}
 +
 +
=== ADL-S (8P+8E) ===
 +
* 8 performance cores + 8 efficiency cores
 +
* [[Intel 7]] process
 +
* 10.5 mm x 20.5 mm
 +
** 215.25 mm² die size
 +
 +
 +
:[[File:alder lake die 2.png|900px]]
 +
 +
 +
:[[File:alder lake die.png|850px]]
 +
 +
=== ADL-S (6P+0E) ===
 +
* 6 performance cores, no efficiency cores
 +
* [[Intel 7]] process
 +
* 10.5 mm x 15.5 mm
 +
** 162.75 mm² die size
 +
 +
=== Additional Shots ===
 +
[[File:alder lake partial wafer shot.jpg|850px]]

Latest revision as of 13:36, 21 December 2021

Edit Values
Alder Lake µarch
General Info
Arch TypeCPU
DesignerIntel
ManufacturerIntel
Introduction2021
Processintel 7 (10nm ESF)
Core Configs
"P+8E" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 8.
8P+8E,
"P+8E" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 6.
6P+8E,
"P+0E" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 6.
6P+0E,
"P+8E" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 2.
2P+8E
PE Configs32 EU igpu, 96 EU igpu
Pipeline
OoOEYes
SpeculativeYes
Reg RenamingYes
Instructions
ISAx86-64
ExtensionsMMX, AVX, AVX2, AVX-512 (needs BIOS support and no E core)
Cache
L1I Cache32 KB/core
L1D Cache48 KB (P) / 64 KB (E)/core
L1 Cache80 KB (P) / 96 KB (E)/core
L2 Cache1.25 MB (P) / 2MB (4E)/core
L3 Cacheup to 30 MB
Cores
Core NamesGolden Cove,
Gracemont
Succession

Alder Lake (ADL) is Intel's successor to both Tiger Lake and Rocket Lake, an Intel 7-process based microarchitecture for mainstream workstations, desktops, and mobile devices. Alder Lake is Intel's first 10-nanometer-class proper successor to all prior generation of processors - spanning from ultra-low power to desktop and workstations. The microarchitecture was developed by Intel's R&D center in Haifa, Israel.

For desktop and mobile, Alder Lake is branded as 12th Generation Intel Core i3, Core i5, Core i7, and Core i9 processors.

Codenames[edit]

Core Abbrev Platform Target
Alder Lake M ADL-M Light notebooks, 2-in-1s detachable, tablets, conference room, computer sticks, etc.
Alder Lake P ADL-P Ultimate mobile performance, mobile workstations, portable All-in-Ones (AiOs), Minis
Alder Lake S ADL-S Desktop performance to value, AiOs, and minis

Brands[edit]

Intel released Alder Lake under 3 main brand families for mainstream workstations, desktops, and mobile.

Logo Family General Description Differentiating Features
Cores HT AVX AVX2 TBT TBMT
core i5 logo (2020).png Core i5 Mid-range Performance 10 (6+4)
core i7 logo (2020).png Core i7 High-end Performance 12 (8+4)
core i9 logo (2020).png Core i9 Extreme Performance 16 (8+8)

Process Technology[edit]

Intel is planning Alder Lake to be built on an improved Intel 7 node (previously 10nm Enhanced SuperFin (ESF)). This will be the case for both the powerful Golden Cove cores, and Gracemont cores.

Compiler support[edit]

Compiler Arch-Specific Arch-Favorable
ICC -march=alderlake -mtune=alderlake
GCC -march=alderlake -mtune=alderlake
LLVM -march=alderlake -mtune=alderlake
Visual Studio /arch:AVX2 /tune:alderlake

CPUID[edit]

Core Extended
Family
Family Extended
Model
Model
P 0 0x6 0x9 0x7
Family 6 Model 151
S 0 0x6 0x9 0xA
Family 6 Model 154

History[edit]

In January 2021 Intel teased Alder Lake in their CES 2021 speech. On the July 26th's Intel Accelerated webcast, CEO Pat Gelsinger hinted at the Alder Lake lineup being released at a future event called "Intel Innovation" which aired between October 27-28th.

Architecture[edit]

Key changes from Tiger Lake[edit]

  • Core
    • Hybrid Golden Cove (big core) & Gracemont (small core) microarchitecture
    • Higher IPC(Intel self-reported 19% IPC)
    • Intel 7 node
  • Memory
    • Support for DDR5
    • Speeds of at least 4800MHz, up to 5600MHz
  • Improved power delivery system

Overview[edit]

Alder Lake departs from all prior Intel SoCs by featuring the company's first mainstream implementation of a single-ISA heterogeneous multi-core microarchitecture. While not the first (Lakefield was), Alder Lake is the first to target all market segments from mobile to desktop and workstation. The overall microarchitecture builds on its its predecessor, Tigerlake but expends on its by integrating two vastly different types of cores - up to eight big cores based on the Golden Cove microarchitecture and up to eight small cores based on the Gracemont microarchitecture. The big cores are designed to push single-thread performance while the small cores are designed to push multi-thread power efficiency. By finely orchestrating thread scheduling based on performance demand, Alder Lake is able to provide both higher multi-threading performance-efficiency and better single-thread performance.

SoC design[edit]

New text document.svg This section is empty; you can help add the missing info by editing this page.

Die[edit]

Alder Lake comes in four die variants depending on the market segment.

Die
Name Configuration Dimensions Area
ADL-S 8P + 8E 10.5 mm x 20.5 mm 215.25 mm²
6P + 0E 10.5 mm x 15.5 mm 162.75 mm²
ADL-P 6P + 8E
ADL-M 2P + 8E

ADL-S (8P+8E)[edit]

  • 8 performance cores + 8 efficiency cores
  • Intel 7 process
  • 10.5 mm x 20.5 mm
    • 215.25 mm² die size


alder lake die 2.png


alder lake die.png

ADL-S (6P+0E)[edit]

  • 6 performance cores, no efficiency cores
  • Intel 7 process
  • 10.5 mm x 15.5 mm
    • 162.75 mm² die size

Additional Shots[edit]

alder lake partial wafer shot.jpg