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Difference between revisions of "intel/microarchitectures/golden cove"
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(Key changes from {{\\|Willow Cove}})
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|core name=Alder Lake
|core name=Alder Lake, Sapphire Rapids
|predecessor=Willow Cove
|predecessor=Willow Cove
|predecessor link=intel/microarchitectures/willow cove
|predecessor link=intel/microarchitectures/willow cove

Latest revision as of 09:14, 1 September 2022

Edit Values
Golden Cove µarch
General Info
Arch TypeCPU
IntroductionNovember 4, 2021
Core NamesAlder Lake, Sapphire Rapids

Golden Cove is the successor to Willow Cove, a high-performance 10 nm x86 core microarchitecture designed by Intel for an array of server and client products, including Sapphire Rapids (server) and Alder Lake (client).


Intel Core roadmap

Golden Cove was originally unveiled by Intel at their 2018 architecture day. Golden Cove is intended to succeed Willow Cove in the 2021 timeframe.

Process Technology[edit]

Intel has confirmed that the Golden Cove architecture will be fabricated on their Intel 7 process (previously 10 nm Enhanced SuperFin (ESF)).


Key changes from Willow Cove[edit]

  • Performance improvements
    • Strong IPC improvement (19%)
    • AI workload improvement (AMX)
    • Network/5G performance improvements
  • New security features
  • Front-End
    • Add 2 simple decoders from 5 but canceled the complex decoder design as it is no longer practical and complex instructions can now be handled by macro uop fusion independently in instruction sequencer, total is now 6 simple decoders
    • x2.5 BTB at 12K entries
    • 2x pages 4k
    • Add more 256 and 32 pages of 2M and 4MB respectively
  • Back-End
    • Increased ROB 512 (from 352 Sunny Cove)
    • Add 2 execution port for a total 12
  • Execution Engine
    • Add one ALU and LEA for a total 5

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.


  • Intel Architecture Day 2018, December 11, 2018
  • Intel Details Golden Cove: Next-Generation Big Core For Client and Server SoCs
codenameGolden Cove +
designerIntel +
first launchedNovember 4, 2021 +
full page nameintel/microarchitectures/golden cove +
instance ofmicroarchitecture +
instruction set architecturex86-64 +
manufacturerIntel +
microarchitecture typeCPU +
nameGolden Cove +
process10 nm (0.01 μm, 1.0e-5 mm) +