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Frontier (OLCF-5) - Supercomputers
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frontier logo.png
General Info
SponsorsU.S. Department of Energy
OperatorsOak Ridge National Laboratory
Peak FLOPS1.5 exaFLOPS

Frontier (OLCF-5) is Summit's successor, a planned exascale supercomputer that will be operated by the DoE Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Frontier is expected to go into operation in the 2021-2022 timeframe.


Frontier is a planned exascale supercomputer with a theoretical peak performance of over 1,500 petaFLOPS (1.5 EF). The design goal of Frontier is to achieve around 50-100x performance improvement in real science applications or alternatively around 5-10x application performance improvement over Summit.



Frontier is expected to be one of the fastest - if not the fastest - supercomputer when delivered in 2021. Comprising over 100 Shasta cabinets, each node will feature a custom AMD EPYC (likely a Milan derivative) along with four custom Radeon GPUs. Interconnects will be comprised of AMD infinity fabric for the node and Slingshot for the system. All in all, Frontier is targeting 2-4x the performance and capacity of Summit's I/O subsystem and 5-10x the real-application performance of Summit with an expected peak performance of over 1.5 exaFLOPS.


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designerAMD + and Cray +
introductory date2021 +
logoFile:frontier logo.png +
main imageFile:frontier-system.png +
nameFrontier +
operatorOak Ridge National Laboratory +
peak flops (double-precision)1.5e+18 FLOPS (1.5e+15 KFLOPS, 1,500,000,000,000 MFLOPS, 1,500,000,000 GFLOPS, 1,500,000 TFLOPS, 1,500 PFLOPS, 1.5 EFLOPS, 0.0015 ZFLOPS) +
release price$ 600,000,000.00 (€ 540,000,000.00, £ 486,000,000.00, ¥ 61,998,000,000.00) +
sponsorUnited States Department of Energy (DOE) +