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μCOM-4 - NEC
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NEC μCOM-4
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Developer NEC
Manufacturer NEC
Type Microcontrollers
Production October, 1977
Architecture 4-bit
Word size 4 bit
0.5 octets
1 nibbles
Technology pMOS, CMOS
Clock 150 kHz-440 kHz
Package DIP28, DIP42

The μCOM-4 (or uCOM-4) line is an extended family of 4-bit microcontrollers developed by NEC in the late 1970s. This family was designed to be low-cost, mass-produced, microcontrollers for ECRs, industrial controllers, appliance controllers, games, toys, scientific calculators, and other consumer electronics. The μCOM-4 line is based on the μPD751, the first Japanese single-chip microprocessor.

Introduction Date[edit]

1977 1980
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
μCOM-42 μCOM-43 μCOM-44 μCOM-45 μCOM-75

Families[edit]

The μCOM-4 was original divided into two separate domains:

μCOM-42[edit]

The μCOM-42 was specifically marketed for electronic cash registers (ECRs), Point of Sale (POS), and electronic scale applications. The μCOM-42 chips were specifically designed for controlling 8x4 keyboards, 8-digit displays, and various ECR-type printers. The μCOM-42 had a separate, modified instruction set, compared with the rest of the μCOM-4 families.

μCOM-43/44/45[edit]

The μCOM-43/44/45 was marketed as a general-purpose microcontroller suited for a large array of low-cost consumer and industrial applications. These MCUs shared a common instruction set.

  • μCOM-43 - high-end family of MCUs, offering complete support for the entire μCOM-4 ISA.
  • μCOM-44 - mid-range family of MCUs, providing a subset of 58 instructions at a reduced cost.
  • μCOM-45 - low-end family of MCUs, providing a subset of 58 instructions and less memory at the cheapest price.

Design[edit]

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Instruction set[edit]

Main article: μCOM-4 ISA

The family was originally split into two sets of ISAs. The μCOM-42 had an instruction set specifically designed to facilitate its use in Electronic Cash Register (ECR) and Scale products. The μCOM-43/4/5 were designed to be general purpose microcontrollers.

See also[edit]


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Facts about "μCOM-4 - NEC"
designerNEC +
full page namenec/μcom-4 +
instance ofmicrocontroller extended family +
main designerNEC Corporation +
manufacturerNEC +
nameNEC μCOM-4 +
packageDIP28 + and DIP42 +
technologypMOS + and CMOS +
word size4 bit (0.5 octets, 1 nibbles) +