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ideal logic gate
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2 unrelated signals and a clock. Real signal takes some time to settle down at the correct output while the ideal signal always does so instantly.

An ideal logic gate is a logic gate performing operations on boolean values in an abstraction - dissipating no power and changing states instantaneously, similar to a step function. Such gates operate on discrete logic inputs and ignore most physical characteristics such as propegation delay, maximum fan-out, and various other electrical characteristics.


Ideal logic gates play a big role in many mathematical models and branches such as Boolean algebra and switching theory where operations are studied irrespective of the technology being used. They are also used in a wide variety of other settings since it allows a person to make key observations about a particular circuit without diving into the full specifications.