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<div style="width: 80%; margin: 0 auto; text-align: center;">'''WikiChip''' is the preeminent resource for computer architectures and semiconductor logic engineering, covering historical and contemporary electronic systems, technologies, and related topics.</div>
<div style="margin: 0 auto; width: 99%; text-align: center;">
 
'''WikiChip''' is a [[WikiChip:semantic wikichip|semantic]] computer engineering wiki aimed at documenting past and present electronic systems and technologies as well as general topics, concepts, and methodologies. [[WikiChip:welcome|Want to help?]]<br>
 
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'''Stats'''<br>
 
<!--{{PAGESINCATEGORY:all computers}} [[Index:computers|Computers]] &#9642; -->
 
'''[[Special:Statistics|{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}}]]''' Articles &#9642;
 
'''{{#expr:{{PAGESINCATEGORY:all microcontroller families‎}}+{{PAGESINCATEGORY:all microprocessor extended families‎}}+{{PAGESINCATEGORY:all microprocessor families‎}}+{{PAGESINCATEGORY:all system on a chip families‎}}}}''' Families &#9642;
 
'''{{PAGESINCATEGORY:all microprocessor models}}''' Microprocessors &#9642;
 
'''{{PAGESINCATEGORY:all microcontroller models}}''' Microcontrollers &#9642;
 
'''{{PAGESINCATEGORY:all microarchitectures}}''' Microarchitectures
 
 
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<div class="wgrid-col-12" style="font-size: 1.3em; font-weight: bold; margin: 10px 20px 20px 0; width: 100%; border-bottom: 1.5px solid black;">Popular Topics</div>
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<div style="float: left; color: #fff; background:rgba(0,0,0,0.5); line-height: 1.4; padding: 10px; font-size: 1.6em; font-weight: bold; position: absolute; z-index: 3;">AMD Zen 2</div>
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<p style="height: 100%; width: 100%;">[[File:wikichip-main-box-zen2.jpg|class=main_page_max|link=amd/microarchitectures/zen_2]]</p>
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<div style="float: left; color: #fff; background:rgba(0,0,0,0.5); line-height: 1.4; padding: 10px; font-size: 1.6em; font-weight: bold; position: absolute; z-index: 3;">Intel Cascade Lake</div>
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<p style="height: 100%; width: 100%;">[[File:wikichip-main-box-clx.jpg|class=main_page_max|link=intel/microarchitectures/cascade_lake]]</p>
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<p style="height: 100%; width: 100%;">[[File:wikichip-main-box-icl.jpg|class=main_page_max|link=intel/microarchitectures/ice lake (client)]]</p>
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<div style="margin-top: 20px; height: 150px; overflow: hidden;">
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<div style="float: left; color: #fff; background:rgba(0,0,0,0.5); line-height: 1.4; padding: 10px; font-size: 1.6em; font-weight: bold; position: absolute; z-index: 3;">Intel Sunny Cove</div>
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<p style="height: 100%; width: 100%;">[[File:wikichip-main-box-snc.jpg|class=main_page_max|link=intel/microarchitectures/sunny cove]]</p>
 
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<p style="height: 100%; width: 100%;">[[File:wikichip-main-box-n1.png|class=main_page_max|link=arm_holdings/microarchitectures/neoverse_n1]]</p>
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<div style="float: left; color: #fff; background:rgba(0,0,0,0.5); line-height: 1.4; padding: 10px; font-size: 1.6em; font-weight: bold; position: absolute; z-index: 3;">Arm Cortex-A77</div>
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<p style="height: 100%; width: 100%;">[[File:wikichip-main-box-a77.png|class=main_page_max|link=arm_holdings/microarchitectures/cortex-a77]]</p>
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<p style="height: 100%; width: 100%;">[[File:wikichip-main-box-cfl.jpg|class=main_page_max|link=intel/microarchitectures/coffee_lake]]</p>
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<p style="height: 100%; width: 100%;">[[File:wikichip-main-box-rome.jpg|class=main_page_max|link=amd/cores/rome]]</p>
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poly 4 197 145 197 168 231 145 258 7 259 25 230 [[90 nm lithography process]]
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poly 148 197 289 197 312 231 289 258 151 259 169 230  [[65 nm lithography process]]
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poly 289 197 430 197 453 231 430 258 292 259 310 230 [[45 nm lithography process]]
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poly 430 197 571 197 594 231 571 258 433 259 451 230 [[32 nm lithography process]]
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poly 573 198 714 198 737 232 714 259 576 260 594 231 [[22 nm lithography process]]
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poly 716 197 857 197 880 231 857 258 719 259 737 230 [[14 nm lithography process]]
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poly 857 198 998 198 1021 232 998 259 860 260 878 231 [[10 nm lithography process]]
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poly 998 198 1139 198 1162 232 1139 259 1001 260 1019 231 [[7 nm lithography process]]
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poly 1140 197 1281 197 1304 231 1281 258 1143 259 1161 230 [[5 nm lithography process]]
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poly 1286 197 1427 197 1450 231 1427 258 1289 259 1307 230 [[3 nm lithography process]]
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<div style="text-decoration: underline; font-size: 1.3em;">Semiconductor manufacturing processes</div>
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{{main/i1|90px|Xtensa}}
 
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<span style="padding: 10px; float: right;">[[File:Intel 82258 die.JPG|100px|link=]]</span>
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{{main/newchips}}
{{main/i1|65px|bicmos|BiCMOS}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|cmos|CMOS}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|diode-transistor logic|DTL}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|emitter-coupled logic|ECL}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|gunning transceiver logic|GTL}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|integrated injection logic|IIL}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|nmos|NMOS}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|pmos|PMOS}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|relay|Relay}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|resistor-transistor logic|RTL}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|schottky transistor-transistor logic|STTL}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|transistor-transistor logic|TTL}}
 
{{main/i1|65px|vacuum tube|Tube}}
 
 
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<span style="padding: 10px; float: right; display: inline-block;">[[File:colored rows.svg|50px|link=]]</span>
 
{{main/i1|100px|booting}}
 
{{main/i1|100px|scheduling}}
 
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{{main/i1|100px|interrupt}}
 
{{main/i1|100px|device driver}}
 
{{main/i1|100px|kernel}}
 
{{main/i1|100px|single-user operating system|Single-user}}
 
{{main/i1|100px|multi-user operating system|Multi-user}}
 
{{main/i1|100px|distributed operating system|Distributed}}
 
{{main/i1|100px|embedded operating system|Embedded}}
 
{{main/i1|100px|real-time operating system|Real-time}}
 
 
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<div style="text-decoration: underline; font-size: 1.3em;">Digital</div>
 
<span style="padding: 10px; float: right; display: inline-block;">[[File:logic (main page).svg||100px|link=]]</span>
 
{{main/i1|140px|number systems}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|boolean algebra}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|Karnaugh map}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|switching theory}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|sequential logic}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|logic gates}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|combinational logic}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|memory}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|synchronous circuit}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|event-driven circuit}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|arithmetic circuit}}
 
{{main/i1|140px|hazards}}
 
 
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<div style="text-decoration: underline; font-size: 1.3em;">Electronics</div>
 
<span style="padding: 10px; float: right; display: inline-block;">[[File:multimeter.svg|80px|link=]]</span>
 
{{main/i1|150px|electronic circuit}}
 
{{main/i1|150px|resistive circuit}}
 
{{main/i1|150px|series circuits}}
 
{{main/i1|150px|parallel circuits}}
 
{{main/i1|150px|voltage divider}}
 
{{main/i1|150px|Kirchhoff's Laws}}
 
{{main/i1|150px|network analysis}}
 
{{main/i1|150px|equivalent circuit}}
 
{{main/i1|150px|superposition theorem}}
 
 
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Latest revision as of 22:11, 7 August 2019

WikiChip is the preeminent resource for computer architectures and semiconductor logic engineering, covering historical and contemporary electronic systems, technologies, and related topics.
Popular Topics
AMD Zen 2

wikichip-main-box-zen2.jpg

Intel Cascade Lake

wikichip-main-box-clx.jpg

Intel Ice Lake

wikichip-main-box-icl.jpg

Intel Sunny Cove

wikichip-main-box-snc.jpg

Arm Neoverse N1

wikichip-main-box-n1.png

Arm Cortex-A77

wikichip-main-box-a77.png

Intel Coffee Lake

wikichip-main-box-cfl.jpg

AMD Rome

wikichip-main-box-rome.jpg

Moore's Law
90 nm lithography process65 nm lithography process45 nm lithography process32 nm lithography process22 nm lithography process14 nm lithography process10 nm lithography process7 nm lithography process5 nm lithography process3 nm lithography processlatest process.svg

WikiChip Fuse

top rank.svg
Hottest Articles

Recent & Future Chips
■  HiSilicon, ARM Holdings Kirin 990 5G (8/8) @ 2.86 GHz
2,860 MHz
2,860,000 kHz
, 2.36 GHz
2,360 MHz
2,360,000 kHz
, 1.95 GHz
1,950 MHz
1,950,000 kHz
[Cortex-A76, Cortex-A55]

■  HiSilicon, ARM Holdings Kirin 990 4G (8/8) @ 2.86 GHz
2,860 MHz
2,860,000 kHz
, 2.09 GHz
2,090 MHz
2,090,000 kHz
, 1.86 GHz
1,860 MHz
1,860,000 kHz
[Cortex-A76, Cortex-A55]

■  AMD Ryzen 9 3950X (16/32) @ 3.5 GHz
3,500 MHz
3,500,000 kHz
[Zen 2]

■  AMD EPYC 7302 (16/32) @ 2.8 GHz
2,800 MHz
2,800,000 kHz
[Zen 2]

■  AMD EPYC 7232P (8/16) @ 3.1 GHz
3,100 MHz
3,100,000 kHz
[Zen 2]

■  Samsung, ARM Holdings Exynos 9610 (8/8) @ 2.3 GHz
2,300 MHz
2,300,000 kHz
, 1.6 GHz
1,600 MHz
1,600,000 kHz
[Cortex-A73, Cortex-A53]

■  Intel Core i9 i9-9820X (10/20) @ 3.3 GHz
3,300 MHz
3,300,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Xiaomi, ARM Holdings Surge S1 (8/8) @ 1.4 GHz
1,400 MHz
1,400,000 kHz
, 2.2 GHz
2,200 MHz
2,200,000 kHz
[Cortex-A53]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-8020T (4/4) [Coffee Lake]

■  AMD Ryzen 9 3950X (16/32) @ 3.5 GHz
3,500 MHz
3,500,000 kHz
[Zen 2]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-7110U (2/4) @ 2.6 GHz
2,600 MHz
2,600,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i9 i9-9960X (16/32) @ 3.1 GHz
3,100 MHz
3,100,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  AMD Ryzen 3 PRO 1200 (4/4) @ 3.1 GHz
3,100 MHz
3,100,000 kHz
[Zen]

■  Intel Core i7 i7-8705G (4/8) @ 3.1 GHz
3,100 MHz
3,100,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Xeon W W-2191B (18/36) @ 2.3 GHz
2,300 MHz
2,300,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  HiSilicon, ARM Holdings Kirin 990 4G (8/8) @ 2.86 GHz
2,860 MHz
2,860,000 kHz
, 2.09 GHz
2,090 MHz
2,090,000 kHz
, 1.86 GHz
1,860 MHz
1,860,000 kHz
[Cortex-A76, Cortex-A55]

■  Intel Xeon W W-2140B (8/16) @ 3.2 GHz
3,200 MHz
3,200,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-7320T (2/4) @ 3.6 GHz
3,600 MHz
3,600,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i5 i5-7210U (2/4) @ 2.5 GHz
2,500 MHz
2,500,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-7120 (2/4) @ 4 GHz
4,000 MHz
4,000,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Xeon W W-2135 (6/12) @ 3.7 GHz
3,700 MHz
3,700,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Bitmain Sophon BM1684

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8265U (4/8) @ 1.6 GHz
1,600 MHz
1,600,000 kHz
[Whiskey Lake]

■  PEZY PEZY-SCx PEZY-SC2 (2,048/16,384) @ 1 GHz
1,000 MHz
1,000,000 kHz

■  Intel Core i3 i3-8130U (2/4) @ 2.2 GHz
2,200 MHz
2,200,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  HiSilicon, ARM Holdings Kirin 990 5G (8/8) @ 2.86 GHz
2,860 MHz
2,860,000 kHz
, 2.36 GHz
2,360 MHz
2,360,000 kHz
, 1.95 GHz
1,950 MHz
1,950,000 kHz
[Cortex-A76, Cortex-A55]

■  AMD Ryzen 3 PRO 1300 (4/4) @ 3.5 GHz
3,500 MHz
3,500,000 kHz
[Zen]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-9000T (4/4) @ 3.2 GHz
3,200 MHz
3,200,000 kHz
[Coffee Lake]

■  Intel Xeon Platinum 8173M (28/56) @ 2.1 GHz
2,100 MHz
2,100,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-8320 (4/4) @ 3.8 GHz
3,800 MHz
3,800,000 kHz
[Coffee Lake]

■  ARM Holdings Baikal-M (8/8) @ 2 GHz
2,000 MHz
2,000,000 kHz
[Cortex-A57]

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8420 (6/6) [Coffee Lake]

■  Intel Core i7 i7-7510U (2/4) @ 2.7 GHz
2,700 MHz
2,700,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  PEZY PEZY-SCx PEZY-SC3 (8,192/65,536) @ 1.333 GHz
1,333 MHz
1,333,000 kHz

■  HiSilicon, ARM Holdings Kirin 980 (8/8) @ 2.6 GHz
2,600 MHz
2,600,000 kHz
, 1.92 GHz
1,920 MHz
1,920,000 kHz
, 1.8 GHz
1,800 MHz
1,800,000 kHz
[Cortex-A76, Cortex-A55]

■  AMD Ryzen 5 2600 (6/12) @ 3.4 GHz
3,400 MHz
3,400,000 kHz
[Zen+]

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8650 (6/6) [Coffee Lake]

■  Intel Core i9 i9-9990XE (14/28) @ 4 GHz
4,000 MHz
4,000,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8250U (4/8) @ 1.6 GHz
1,600 MHz
1,600,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Xeon W W-2150B (10/20) @ 3 GHz
3,000 MHz
3,000,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  AMD Ryzen 5 PRO 1600 (6/12) @ 3.2 GHz
3,200 MHz
3,200,000 kHz
[Zen]

■  Intel Core i7 i7-8670T (6/12) [Coffee Lake]

■  AMD Ryzen 7 PRO 1700 (8/16) @ 3 GHz
3,000 MHz
3,000,000 kHz
[Zen]

■  Bitmain Sophon BM1686

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8305G (4/8) @ 2.8 GHz
2,800 MHz
2,800,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-7007U (2/4) @ 2.1 GHz
2,100 MHz
2,100,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i7 i7-9800X (8/16) @ 3.8 GHz
3,800 MHz
3,800,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  AMD Ryzen 5 1500X (4/8) @ 3.5 GHz
3,500 MHz
3,500,000 kHz
[Zen]

■  Intel Xeon W W-2102 (4/4) @ 2.9 GHz
2,900 MHz
2,900,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8350U (4/8) @ 1.7 GHz
1,700 MHz
1,700,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i7 i7-8706G (4/8) @ 3.1 GHz
3,100 MHz
3,100,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-8120 (4/4) @ 3.7 GHz
3,700 MHz
3,700,000 kHz
[Coffee Lake]

■  Intel Core i9 i9-9920X (12/24) @ 3.5 GHz
3,500 MHz
3,500,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i9 i9-9940X (14/28) @ 3.3 GHz
3,300 MHz
3,300,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-8020 (4/4) [Coffee Lake]

■  Intel Core i7 i7-8709G (4/8) @ 3.1 GHz
3,100 MHz
3,100,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  AMD Ryzen 5 1600 (6/12) @ 3.2 GHz
3,200 MHz
3,200,000 kHz
[Zen]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-8120T (4/4) @ 3.2 GHz
3,200 MHz
3,200,000 kHz
[Coffee Lake]

■  AMD Ryzen 5 1400 (4/8) @ 3.2 GHz
3,200 MHz
3,200,000 kHz
[Zen]

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8365U (4/8) @ 1.6 GHz
1,600 MHz
1,600,000 kHz
[Whiskey Lake]

■  Intel Core M3 M3-8114Y (2/4) @ 1.5 GHz
1,500 MHz
1,500,000 kHz

■  Intel Xeon Gold 6161 (22/44) @ 2.2 GHz
2,200 MHz
2,200,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Xeon W W-2170B (14/28) @ 2.5 GHz
2,500 MHz
2,500,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-9000 (4/4) @ 3.7 GHz
3,700 MHz
3,700,000 kHz
[Coffee Lake]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-7310U (2/4) @ 2.7 GHz
2,700 MHz
2,700,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-8320T (4/4) [Coffee Lake]

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8550 (6/6) [Coffee Lake]

■  Intel Core i7 i7-8650U (4/8) @ 1.9 GHz
1,900 MHz
1,900,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i9 i9-9900X (10/20) @ 3.5 GHz
3,500 MHz
3,500,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Celeron 3965Y (2/2) @ 1.3 GHz
1,300 MHz
1,300,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i7 i7-8550U (4/8) @ 1.8 GHz
1,800 MHz
1,800,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8420T (6/6) [Coffee Lake]

■  Xiaomi, ARM Holdings Surge S2 (8/8) [Cortex-A53, Cortex-A73]

■  Socionext, ARM Holdings SC2A11 (24/24) @ 1 GHz
1,000 MHz
1,000,000 kHz
[Cortex-A53]

■  Bitmain Sophon BM1880 [Cortex-A53, RISC-V]

■  Intel Xeon Platinum 8170F (26/52) @ 2.1 GHz
2,100 MHz
2,100,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i9 i9-9980XE (18/36) @ 3 GHz
3,000 MHz
3,000,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i5 i5-8650K (6/6) [Coffee Lake]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-7340 (2/4) @ 4.2 GHz
4,200 MHz
4,200,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Qualcomm, ARM Holdings Snapdragon 800 8cx (8/8) [Cortex-A76, Cortex-A55]

■  AMD Ryzen 5 2600X (6/12) @ 3.6 GHz
3,600 MHz
3,600,000 kHz
[Zen+]

■  Intel Core i9 i9-7920X (12/24) @ 2.9 GHz
2,900 MHz
2,900,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  PEZY PEZY-SCx PEZY-SC4 (16,384/131,072) @ 1.6 GHz
1,600 MHz
1,600,000 kHz

■  AMD Ryzen 7 2700 (8/16) @ 3.2 GHz
3,200 MHz
3,200,000 kHz
[Zen+]

■  AMD Ryzen 7 PRO 1700X (8/16) @ 3.4 GHz
3,400 MHz
3,400,000 kHz
[Zen]

■  Intel Core i3 i3-7120T (2/4) @ 3.5 GHz
3,500 MHz
3,500,000 kHz
[Kaby Lake]

■  Intel Xeon W W-2104 (4/4) @ 3.2 GHz
3,200 MHz
3,200,000 kHz
[Skylake (server)]

■  Intel Core i7 i7-8670 (6/12) [Coffee Lake]